VAR in Football: The Definitive Review and Recommendations

VAR in Football recommendations and review

The introduction of VAR to football brought joy to the faces most Football fans. Why? The belief is that the technology will help referees make better decisions. In fact, this is one of the reasons why some football gamers buy the Football Manager 2020 game.

Before now, underserved winners win important matches and competitions while deserving winners lose. It boils down to what the Referee deems right or wrong. As we know, a Referee decision (right or wrong) has direct influence on the outcome of football matches. 

Though there are a lot of controversial issues concerning VAR in Football, but the truth is that Football needs VAR as much as VAR needs Football.

Before going further, it is imperative to understand what VAR really means. 

Meaning of VAR in Football and how it works

VAR stands for Video Assistant Referee and it is as good as a Match official on the Football Pitch. The main purpose of the technology is to review the decisions made by the head referee during Football matches.

Basically, the VAR can review the following on-field decisions:

  • Goal or no Goal (Ball crossing the Goal line or not)
  • Ball out of play
  • Offside
  • Handball
  • Penalty or no Penalty
  • Infringement or offences during penalty kicks
  • Location of Possible Penalty offence
  • Incorrect awarding of Penalty
  • Offence not penalized
  • Red cards
  • Incorrect identity in awarding a red or yellow card

The VAR team occupies the Video Operating Room and they communicate the referee if there is a need to delay or review action or infringement on the pitch.

Brief History of VAR

After several years of clamoring for VAR to be introduced to Football, it was first used as a trial in some major Football competitions.

The first live trial VAR trial was in 2016 in a friendly match between PSV and FC Eindhoven.

Eventually, the International Football Association Board added VAR to the rules of Football in 2018. IFAB, founded in 1886 determines the laws of Football and FIFA recognizes IFAB’s jurisdiction over the law, including that of VAR.

IFAB added VAR systems to the rules of the game but using it was optional. Amongst other top Football competitions to have embraced VAR systems, the English Premier League and the UEFA Champions League remain prominent.

Limitations of VAR in Football

Of course, just like anything else in life, the VAR has its own issues in football. These issues have made some Football fans give up in the technology already. Let’s examine some common VAR limitations:

Lack of clarity and consistency

In some situations, it seems the referees are not clear about the appropriate punishment for certain fouls in the game, hence leading to inconsistencies in decision making. 

For example, a certain infringement in the box results in a Penalty while the same infringement is overlooked by another referee even after a VAR review. The rules are likely not clear to referees.

Inability to correct human errors

VAR was introduced to improve officiating in Football but the technology cannot correct the collective mistakes of a referee and the VAR team. 

Even when a referee watches a replay again and again, in the case of subjective decisions, his personal judgment is required to make a conclusion. The eventual decision may not just be right. 

Lack of transparency

Only the referee and the VAR team can watch replays when an incident is reviewed. The reason for this is to avoid undue pressure on the referee by fans.

Teams do not know which incidents were reviewed by the VAR. 

Killing the Rhythm of the game

For every ‘reviewable’ on-field cases, the Video Assistant Referee is engaged. Reviews could take up to a minute or two but in some situations, it takes as much as 5-10 minutes of the game.

Football fans pay a huge amount of money to watch football games so each time a lengthy VAR review is initiated, it kills the rhythm of the game.


Before the invention of VAR, attackers can know immediately if their goal is ruled out or not. They look straight at the linesman closest to them if the offside flag is raised or not. If the Flag is raised they stop the celebration party immediately.

However, with Video Assistant Referees, many football fans have had their hearts broken to pieces. Players, coaching staff, and Fans go into wild celebrations after a goal, only to find out that VAR ruled out the goal as offside.

The best example of this situation is the 2019/20 UEFA Champions league quarter final (2nd leg) match between Pochettino’s Tottenham and Guardiola’s Manchester City.

Positives of VAR in Football

Despite the overwhelming issues with Video Assistant Referee, the truth is that technology has helped in a lot of ways. 

Punishing simulation

Before the introduction of VAR, many players guilty of the simulation are not punished. The referee and other officiating staff probably didn’t see the act so it’s impossible to punish such a player. On rare occasions, some players are punished for perceived simulation. 

The VAR has been a blessing in spotting and punishing real simulations. Even if the referee missed it, the VAR team can call his attention to it and watch replays before making a decision.

Ball crossing the line

Let’s be honest, the referee cannot be 100% accurate in spotting if the ball actually crossed the line (for throw-in or goal).

Frank Lampard’s goal for England against Germany in the 2010 World Cup match was ruled out because the referee and other officiating staff assumed the ball did not cross the line.

In modern era, VAR cannot just miss that! 

Correct identity of offenders

In 2014, referee Andre Marriner incorrectly sent off Kieran Gibbs instead of Oxlade-Chamberlain after the latter handled Eden Hazard’s shot on goalline. Before VAR was introduced, these kinds of situations happened a lot of times in Football matches.

Now, with the help of VAR, no player can be incorrectly booked or sent off again.

Detecting handballs

It is impossible for referees to spot little details like slight handballs in the buildup to a goal or in other scenarios. The VAR is the referee’s ‘second eye’ to detect handballs.

Maradona’s famous “hand of god” goal would have been correctly ruled out by VAR in modern era.

Spotting where an offence actually took place

In football, we have seen freekicks incorrectly spotted as Penalties. Why? The Referee could not be absolutely certain if the offence took place inside or outside the penalty box.

With VAR, it’s easier for referees now because they can watch replays and be absolutely sure where an offence actually took place.

Read: Best Football App for Android and IOS in 2020

Why Football Must Continue with VAR

So, having reviewed the positives and negatives of VAR in Football, do you not think that the VAR technology improves officiating?

Football fans should still believe in VAR despite the clear frustration with the system. In fact, football needs VAR. why?

As cited above, the VAR has improved decision-making in Football in the following areas; punishing simulation, ball crossing the line, identifying correct offenders, detecting handballs and spotting where an offence actually took place.

Let’s be objective and candid: would a referee on his own be able to make a correct decision in the above-mentioned areas without a second look? Can a referee be absolutely sure of any of these scenarios if the VAR system is not in place?

Considering these factors is fundamental to judging whether the VAR technology should be scrapped or not.

Undoubtedly, the issues with VAR are numerous and needs to be addressed. What recommendations can help improve VAR in Football?

How to improve VAR in Football

The issues with VAR are not enough reasons to get rid the system completely. However, the smarter approach is to try to improve the technology. The following recommendations should be helpful:

Clarity of rules

There should clear-cut rules specifically for subjective decisions like Penalties. Even if referees watch replays several times with the help of VAR, decisions on matters like penalties will not be consistent. 

On the other hand, if there are definite rules for almost all penalties cases, it will be easy for referees to make the same decisions in every game with the help of VAR.

Training Referees

Referees in Football are doing a great job. They probably have one of the toughest jobs in the world because they have just seconds to make an important decision in a game.

However with the help of VAR, they have more time and they can have a second look. Still, they need to really understand the rules of the game to make a decision even after watching a replay.

Investing more resources in training referees could be helpful in improving decision making in Football with the help of VAR.

Teams should know What VAR is reviewing

Teams are often left in the dark when there is a VAR review during a game. They do not know which incident is being reviewed. Players and Fans could find it hard to trust the judgment of the VAR team. 

Teams should be aware of the incidents being reviewed. They will likely trust VAR decisions more.

Decision-making needs to be faster

Some VAR reviews take more than 5 minutes. Wow! That’s a whole lot for a game like Football. People want to watch Football not VAR. Frequent stoppages kill the rhythm of the game for fans and players.

Decision making has to be fast for teams, fans, and all viewers to enjoy the game.

Read: Football Manager 2020: 10 Key Features of the Game


It’s obvious that the VAR has its own challenges given the controversy around the technology, but Football fans must learn to trust the technology. Scrapping VAR from Football is not a smart move and it’s like moving 5 steps backward.

Instead of giving up on VAR, loyally clamoring for improvement on the technology is the right thing to do.

FAQs About VAR in Football

How is VAR used in Football?

The main purpose of VAR in football is to improve overall officiating. The VAR team reviews major on-field events and infringements like ball crossing the line or not, offsides, handballs, penalties, mistaken identity of offenders etc.

Is VAR Good for Football?

Despite lack of confidence in the technology, VAR is good for Football because Referees, linesmen and other officiating staff, on their own cannot see all on-field actions or infringement. Watching replays of on-field actions is another big advantage of VAR. However, the VAR must improve in areas outlined in this content.

What does VAR stand for?

VAR means Video Assistant Referee and its entire team occupy Video operating room. VAR should not be confused with AVAR which means Assistant Video Assistant Referee whose duty is to support the VAR.

Can the Referee overrule VAR?

The final decision lies with the referee but the VAR can advise the referee to change his decision if he had made a clear blunder. In essence, the VAR cannot directly overrule the referee’s decision.

Does VAR mean more penalties in football?

VAR is not a penalty-giving technology. However, the obvious fact is that more penalties have been awarded since its introduction to football. The major reason for this is that the Video Assistant Referee can see and capture almost everything, unlike the referees.

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